Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended by the World Health Organization for the first six months of life because of the benefits for both mom and baby. In Canada, approximately 32% of women meet this recommendation.
Although breast milk is a natural first food for babies, breastfeeding is also a learned health behaviour that is influenced by many physical, social, and psychological factors. McGill University researchers Kristin Horsley, Tuong-Vi Nguyen, Blaine Ditto, and Deborah Da Costa from the Departments of Psychology and Medicine examined whether pregnancy-specific anxiety—worries or concerns related specifically to pregnancy and post-partum—might play a role in how long a woman exclusively breastfeeds her child.
The researchers used self-report questionnaire data from 412 women who took part in a longitudinal study led by Dr. Da Costa. Pregnancy-specific anxiety was assessed using a self-report questionnaire that asks women to report how worried or concerned they feel about aspects of pregnancy such as medical care, physical symptoms, bodily changes, and caring for baby. Results showed that women were more likely to feed their infant formula during the first six weeks postpartum if they experienced more pregnancy-specific anxiety in early or late pregnancy.
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